Dogs use the same four basic taste classifications as humans: sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. This means they can taste sour. However, most dogs do not enjoy the taste of it. Most dogs hate it so much that sour is actually used in many dog deterrents.
Considering what dogs are willing to eat and lick, their sense of taste may seem inferior to ours. In light of the fact that dogs are willing to eat things we consider disgusting, many of us wonder if dogs taste things differently than humans or if they simply lack a sense of taste.
Dogs, like humans, have four basic taste classifications: sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. In this article, we are going to focus on sour. Since dogs have such a different sense of taste than us, can they taste sour?
The best way to understand what a dog can taste is by diving into the science of the tasting process. This includes the physical characteristics involved in the tasting process (e.g., tongue, mouth taste buds, etc.) as well as the nose (which plays a crucial role in taste).
Once we understand what they’re able to taste, we will then be able to determine if they can taste sour.
Sense of Taste
For those wondering whether or not dogs have a sense of taste, the answer is 100% YES! A dogs sense of taste is important (we will cover why shortly), but they don’t rely on it quite as much as their sense of smell. Dogs have a sense of taste similar to ours (although it isn’t quite the same).
The Tasting Process
As you would guess, the mouth and tongue are the two most important characteristics when it comes to your dog’s sense of taste.
Once something enters the mouth and touches the tongue, the taste buds react to the object and pass the information to the brain. This process helps dogs identify what it is, if it is palatable, etc.
Although dogs rely primarily on their sense of smell to determine whether or not something is ok to eat, their sense of taste is their “back up plan”. If something tastes off, they may not eat it.
Compared to humans, a huge difference in the process of taste for a dog is that it largely relies on the sense of smell.
A dog can smell a particular scent and associate it with something they can eat, but not necessarily taste. For example, food could have hints of chicken that the dog could smell but not taste.
A dog usually decides to eat or chew on something by smelling it. Even if something tastes bad, many dogs will consume the item so fast, they won’t notice the bad taste.
A dog’s tongue is similar to ours, but not as refined. Like our tongues, dogs have taste buds that help them figure out what certain foods taste like.
Our tongue contains 9,000 taste buds, whereas a dog’s has only about 1,700.
This means that dogs can’t taste food as powerfully as humans can. It also explains why dogs eat items we consider gross. The taste isn’t nearly as strong for dogs.
Again, the reason a dog eats, licks, and/or ingests something is usually because of the smell, not the taste.
However, one thing dogs have that we don’t are special taste buds that react to specifically water.
This reaction is sent to the brain to interpret what taste means. Certain foods can cause a more significant reaction, which tells the brain that the dog might need more water due to the possibility of dehydration the food may cause.
Is a Dog Capable of Tasting and Identifying Sour?
Since a dog has taste buds, we know they can taste food. However, since dogs have such few taste buds, are they actually able to identify specific tastes, such as sour?
For us, sour is something that (based on the taste bud reactions) depends on the amount of acid. For example, fruits have varying levels of malic and citric acid. Our taste buds can react to higher amounts of acid and determine a level of sourness compared to something with minimal acid that could be considered sweet.
A sour taste may have a larger or smaller reaction depending on how our taste buds react to the components of what is being tasted.
With these factors considered, can a dog taste sour? The answer is yes.
Even though dogs have a sense of taste that is not as strong as ours, they still distinguish the same tastes that we do.
These tastes include sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. Sour tastes, like those found in citrus fruits because of their acid content, often discourage dogs from eating, licking, or biting the area that tastes sour.
This means we can use it as a deterrent if a dog exhibits bad licking or biting behaviors, like biting the couch. There are even companies that have used the sour taste to manufacture deterrents.
Considering there are things that taste sour but are not poisonous to dogs, this has become a method that has worked well for many dog owners.
Although a dog’s sense of smell is one of its best senses for interpreting the world around them, it also has a sense of taste that helps.
Their tongues have far fewer taste buds than ours, but still exhibit similarities in what they can taste, even if it is not as strong.
Like us, dogs use the four major taste classifications: sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. This means that they can identify sour, even though it might be interpreted differently than us.
For example, dogs do not prefer the sour taste of citrus, and this sour taste is often used in making deterrents to prevent bad licking and biting behaviors.
Considering a dog’s sense of smell is so great, a dog can make assumptions based on the scent, know what this taste smells like, and ultimately stop approaching or attempting to lick or bite the object.
Of course, every dog has its own personality and tasting capabilities, so it may react slightly differently to sour. Some dogs may not entirely mind it, but most seriously don’t enjoy it.
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